Bathophenanthroline is widely used for determination of iron in serum and urine by colorimtetry. It acts as buffer layer to improve the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells. It is very useful as a scavenger reagent, for the removal of traces of iron and copper from reagent solutions, which is used in the trace metal determination. Iron bathophenanthroline complex is involved as a redox mediating agent for imaging surface immobilized deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM).
Reagent for iron.
Ramos, P. M. R.; Silva, P. S. P.; Posada, P. C.; Silva, M. R.; Milne, B. F.; Nogueira, F.; Gil, J. M. Synthesis, structure, theoretical studies and luminescent properties of a ternary erbium(III) complex with acetylacetone and bathophenanthroline ligands. J. Lumin. 2015, 162, 41-49.
Mazumdar, P.; Das, D.; Sahoo, G. P.; Moran, G. S.; Misra, A. Aggregation induced emission enhancement from Bathophenanthroline microstructures and its potential use as sensor of mercury ions in water. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2014, 16 (13), 6283-6293.