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Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is used as a redox cofactor (electron carrier) by flavoproteins including succinate dehydrogenase (complex), α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, apoptosis-inducing factor 2 (AIF-M2, AMID), folate/FAD-dependent tRNA methyltransferases, and N-hydroxylating flavoprotein monooxygenases. FAD is a component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.
Enza M Torchetti; Francesco Bonomi; Michele Galluccio; Elisabetta Gianazza; Teresa A Giancaspero; Stefania Iametti; Cesare Indiveri; Maria Barile. Human FAD synthase (isoform 2): a component of the machinery that delivers FAD to apo-flavoproteins. FEBS Journal. 2011, 278 (22), 4434-4449.
Djemel Hamdane; Manuela Argentini; David Cornu; Hannu Myllykallio; Stéphane Skouloubris; Gaston Hui-Bon-Hoa; Béatrice Golinelli-Pimpaneau. Insights into folate/FAD-dependent tRNA methyltransferase mechanism: role of two highly conserved cysteines in catalysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2011, 286 (42), 36268-36280.