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D-(-)-Ribose is mainly used as a very basic source of metabolism of life. It is also used as a precursor for virazole, adenosine, thymidine, cytidine, fluoro-thymidine, 2-methyl adenosine, pyrromonazole toxina and adenosine methionine. It is further used in the synthesis of vitamin B2 (riboflavin), tetra-O-acetyl-ribose and nucleoside. It finds application as food additives and as supplement in cell culture.
For an evaluation of the potential of D-ribose as an enantiopure building block for construction of the C-ring of taxol, see: J. Org. Chem., 60, 7849 (1995).
Downey, A. M.; Richter, C.; Pohl, R.; Mahrwald, R.; Hocek, M. Direct One-Pot Synthesis of Nucleosides from Unprotected or 5-O-Monoprotected D-Ribose. Org. Lett. 2015, 17 (18), 4604-4607.
Sinatra, S. T.; Caiazzo, C. D-Ribose Supplementation in the Equine: Lack of Effect on Glycated Plasma Proteins Suggesting Safety in Humans. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 2015, 34 (2), 108-112.