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Cycloserine is an amino acid analog antibiotic used for the treatment of tuberculosis and rarely used for the treatment of noninfectious diseases. It acts as a competitive inhibitor of D-alanine during peptidoglycan synthesis. It inhibits bacterial cell wall biosynthesis and prevents the conversion of D-Alanine to L-Alanine.
Philbert, J.; Beeske, S.; Belzung, C.; Griebel, G. The CRF1 receptor antagonist SSR125543 prevents stress-induced long-lasting sleep disturbances in a mouse model of PTSD: Comparison with paroxetine and d-cycloserine. Behav Brain Res 2015, 279, 41-46.
Hofmann, S. G.; Carpenter, J. K.; Otto, M. W.; Rosenfield, D.; Smits, J. A. J.; Pollack, M. H. Dose timing of d-cycloserine to augment cognitive behavioral therapy for social anxiety: Study design and rationale. Contemp. Clin. Trials 2015, 43, 223-230.